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The programme-oriented planning - Английский язык. Устные темы и задания по развитию речи

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ТипУчебно-методическое пособие

The programme-oriented planning

in health care as a key mechanism to increase the efficiency of the branch has been introduced. The following state programmes are aimed at health promotion, reduction of morbidity and mortality: National Programme of Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus for 2011–2015, State Integrated Programme on Cancer Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment for 2010–2014, State Programme "Tuberculosis" for 2010–2014, State Programme of HIV-Infection Prevention for 2011-2015, State Program on Overcoming the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident for 2011

2015 and the Period to 2020, State Programme “Cardiology” for 2011–2015, etc.

Restructuring of the branch

is carried out. Unused hospital beds have been cut. The priority has been given to primary health care including an increase in its funding, development of hospital-substituting technologies, improvement of the material and technical basis, staff and introduction of the general practitioner’s practice. A total of 16 republican scientific and practical centers have been established.

The system of the quality control over medical health care

has been improved. A compulsory licensing of medical and pharmaceutical activities has been introduced. More than 1000 clinical protocols on diagnosis and treatment of 24 disease groups, grounded on evidence-based medicine and cost-effectiveness analysis of medical care, have been elaborated and introduced.

Disabled persons, patients with tuberculosis, AIDS, systemic diseases of connective tissue, cancer and hematologic diseases, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy and some other serious diseases are provided with free medicines. Children and pregnant women with phenylketonuria are provided with free medicinal nutrition mixtures.

The country

ensures

sanitary-epidemic well-being (безопасность) of the population. In accordance with the National Immunization Schedule, the vaccination of the population is carried out. The level of the preventive vaccination coverage has reached 97

98%. In 2011, viral hepatitis incidence rate was 3.0 per 100, 000 population (in 2002 – 750.0 per 100, 000 population). No diphtheria cases were registered in 2011 (1 case – in 2010). Since 2004 a tendency to the decrease of tuberculosis incidence rate has been observed. In 2011 this indicator was 42.8 per 100, 000 population (in 2004 – 55.4 per 100, 000 population).


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