The prevention of insults to national honour act, 1971
THE PREVENTION OF INSULTS TO NATIONAL HONOUR ACT, 1971
No. 69 of 1971
(Amended by the Prevention of Insults to National Honour (Amendment) Act, 2005)
An Act to Prevent Insults to National Honour
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty- second year of the Republic of India
as follows: -
SHORT TITLE AND EXTENT
This Act may be called the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act,
It extends to the whole of India.
INSULT TO INDIAN NATIONAL FLAG AND CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
Whoever in any public place or in any other place within public view burns,
mutilates, defaces, defiles, disfigures, destroys, tramples upon or
shows disrespect to or brings into contempt (whether by words, either spoken or
written, or by acts) the Indian National Flag or the Constitution of India or any
part thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to
three years, or with fine, or with both.
Explanation 1 – Comments expressing disapprobation or criticism of the Constitution or
of the Indian National Flag or of any measures of the Government with a view to obtain
an amendment of the Constitution of India or an alteration of the Indian National Flag
by lawful means do not constitute an offence under this section.
Explanation 2 – The expression, “Indian National Flag” includes any picture, painting,
drawing or photograph, or other visible representation of the Indian National Flag, or of
any part or parts thereof, made of any substance or represented on any substance.
Explanation 3 – The expression “public place” means any place intended for use by, or
accessible to, the public and includes any public conveyance.
*Explanation 4 - The disrespect to the Indian National flag means and includes—
a gross affront or indignity offered to the Indian National Flag; or
dipping the Indian National Flag in salute to any person or thing; or
flying the Indian National Flag at half-mast except on occasions on which
the Flag is flown at half-mast on public buildings in accordance with the
instructions issued by the Government; or
using the Indian National Flag as a drapery in any form whatsoever except
in state funerals or armed forces or other para-military forces funerals; or
#using the Indian National Flag:-
as a portion of costume, uniform or accessory of any description
which is worn below the waist of any person; or
by embroidering or printing it on cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins,
undergarments or any dress material; or
putting any kind of inscription upon the Indian National Flag; or
using the Indian National Flag as a receptacle for receiving, delivering or
carrying anything except flower petals before the Indian National Flag is
unfurled as part of celebrations on special occasions including the
Republic Day or the Independence Day; or
using the Indian National Flag as covering for a statue or a monument or a
speaker’s desk or a speaker’s platform; or
allowing the Indian National Flag to touch the ground or the floor or trail
in water intentionally; or
draping the Indian National Flag over the hood, top, and sides or back or
on a vehicle, train, boat or an aircraft or any other similar object; or
using the Indian National Flag as a covering for a building; or
intentionally displaying the Indian National Flag with the “saffron” down.
PREVENTION OF SINGING OF NATIONAL ANTHEM
Whoever intentionally prevents the singing of the Indian National Anthem or
causes disturbances to any assembly engaged in such singing shall be punished with
imprisonment for a term, which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
MINIMUM PENALTY ON SECOND OR SUBSEQUENT OFFENCE
Whoever having already been convicted of an offence under section 2 or section 3
is again convicted of any such offence shall be punishable for the second and for every
subsequent offence, with imprisonment for a term, which shall not be less than one year.
*Inserted vide The Prevention of Insults to National Honour
(Amendment) Act, 2003 (No. 31 of 2003 dated 8.5.2003)
# Inserted vide The Prevention of Insults to National Honour
(Amendment) Act, 2005 (No. 51 of 2005 dated 20.12.2005)